Salem Pioneer Cemetery ~ Annie Malissa Schwatka ~ part of the Marion County Pioneer Cemeteries of Oregon
Annie Malissa Schwatka
MAIDEN NAME: Gaines AKA 1:  AKA 2:  AKA 3: 
BORN: 1846 DIED: 5 Feb 1876 BURIED: 6 Feb 1876
DEATH PLACE: Salem, Marion Co., Oregon
Name of father Albert Gaines
Maiden name of mother Sarah Matheny
MARRIAGE - Augustus C. Schwatka
1850 OR TERRITORY CENSUS - Malissa Gaines, age 4, b. Oregon Territory, is enumerated with Albert, age 39, occupation carpenter, b. Virginia, and Sarah, age 28, b. Indiana, along with Susan, age 10, b. Illinois, Clarissa, age 8, b. Illinois, and Samuel, age 6, b. Illinois.
1860 OR CENSUS - Anna M. Gaines, age 14, b. Oregon, is enumerated with Sarah, age 39, b. Indiana, along with S. Amanda, age 19, occupation school teacher, b. Illinois, C. J., female, age 17, b. Illinois, Samuel L., age 16, b. Illinois,, and Frank, age 6 months, b. Oregon.
1870 OR CENSUS - Anna Gaines, age 24, b. Oregon, is enumerated as a student at the Academy of Sacred Heart.

Annie Creek, Crater Lake National Park, Klamath County. This stream, together with Annie Spring, which is its principal source, was named for Miss Annie Gaines in 1865. She and Mrs. O. T. Brown were the first white women to descend to the waters of Crater Lake. She always spelled her name Annie. Miss Gaines was later Mrs. Augustus C. Schwatka of Salem, hence a sister-in-law of Frederick Schwatka, the artic explorer. Authorities at one time used the spelling Anna, but the USBGN has officially adopted the style, Annie. Oregon Geographic Names, p. 18
In Salem, after a brief illness of five days, Annie G., wife of A.C. Schwatka, aged 29 years 11 months and 5 days. 
Weekly Oregon Statesman, Feb. 11, 1876, 6:3 

Annie Gaines Schwatka, d. 5 Feb. 1876 at Salem. Survived by husband and boy a few days old. 
Daily Oregon Statesman 7 Feb 1876 3:5 

As I stood yesterday by the open grave of Mrs. Annie G. Schwatka, formerly Miss Annie Gains, [unreadable words] in 1865, recurred vividly to my mind. Maj. W. V. Rinehart was then in command of Ft. Klamath and Miss Gains being a sister to Mrs. Rinehart came to be one of the Major's family. In that then wild land she was a great favorite, having commended herself to everybody by her intelligence and vivacity and by her kind and generous spirit. She had a very high appreciation of the beautiful in nature and was consequently an enthusiastic admirer of Klamath landscapes. She was an expert on horseback and was seen almost daily riding over the grassy plains and amond the evergreen groves of Klamath land, and no obstacle seemed too great for her to overcome when seeking to indulge her passion for adventure. 
During the summer of 1865 she was one of a party which visited our greatest mountain wonder, Crater Lake, and climbed down a thousand feet of almost vertical wall to the lake shore, being one of the first person who ever accomplished this arduous undertaking. 
One of the tributaries of Upper Klamath Lake, rising within a half a mile of the summit of the rim of Crater Lake flows gently, for a few miles, across grassy glades and among green trees, and then plunges into a narrow canyon with almost vertical walls of columnar basalt. Standing upon the brink of this yearning chasm and looking down at the frothing cascades and the beautiful stream seeming like a silver thread five hundred feet below, with the mighty pillars on either side covered with the rust of ages, the scene is one of public grandeur and yet a descent among these lofty columns amid the hemlock trees which grow in the fissures of the rock, to the rippling cascades and pools of clear, cold water below, and wondrous work of the Master Architect will ever bear the name of Annie's creek in rememberance of the adventurous explorer. 
Among the pleasant reminiscences of the long ago I also recall a local excursion on Klamath Lake with Maj. Rinehart and some others, in which Miss Gains was as usual, the most enthusiastic and adventurous of our party. While on the lake we spent some time drifting around among the green islands, to one of which, lying away out in the center of the lake covered with gigantic cane-grass and bordered with green willows, we gave her name. 
After a year or so spent at Ft. Klamath Annie came with Maj. Rinehart's family to Salem where she entered the Academy of the Sacred Heart and remained there until she completed her education, after which she became the wife of our friend A. C. Schwatka, and the mother of two children, the youngest of which is only a few days old. Her home was always one of the most pleasant in Salem and ever gave proof of her love of the true and the beautiful in its adornments. But Annie has gone from among us. The bright and pleasant friend, the enthusiastic lover of art and nature, the gentle wife and loving mother sleeps that sleep that knows no waking this side the pearly gates of a better land. O.C.W. Salem, Feb. 7, 1876 
Oregon Statesman 8 Feb 1875 3:1
Annie Gaines 
Beloved wife of 
A. C. Schwatka 
1846 - 1876 
DAR pg 54 
1850 OR TERRITORY CENSUS (Clackamas Co., Oregon City, FA #274)
1860 OR CENSUS (Clackamas Co., Oregon City, FA #348)
1870 OR CENSUS (Marion Co., E. Salem, FA #1018)
OS 7 Feb 1876 3:5 
OS 8 Feb 1875 3:1 
WOS 11 Feb 1876 6:3 
OGN, pg 18
LOT: 574 SPACE: 3 SW LONGITUDE: N 44° 55.177' LATITUDE: W 123° 02.887'